Analysis of Heart Rate Dynamics Before and During Meditation

Mohammad Karimi Moridani, Tina Habikazemi, Nahid Khoramabadi

Abstract


Heart rate is one of the most important vital signs. People usually face high tension in routine life, and if we found an effective method to control the heart rate, it would be very desirable. One of the goals of this paper is to examine changes in heart rate before and during meditation. Another goal is that what impact could have meditation on the human heartbeat.

To heart rate analysis before and during meditation, available heart rate signals have been used for the Physionet database that contains 10 normal subjects and 8 subjects that meditation practice has been done on them. In this paper, first is paid to extract linear and nonlinear characteristics of heart rate and then is paid to the best combination of features to identify two intervals before and during meditation using MLP and SVM classifiers with the help of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy measurements.

The achieved results in this paper showed that choosing the best combination of a feature to make a meaningful difference between two intervals before and during meditation includes two-time features (Mean HR, SDNN), a frequency feature ( ), and three nonlinear characteristics   ( ). Also, using the support vector machine had better results than the MLP neural network. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the mean and standard deviation obtained respectively like 92.73  0.23, 89.05 0.67, 89.97 0.23 by using MLP and respectively like 95.96 0.09, 93.80 0.16, and 94.90 0.14 by using SVM.

As a result, using meditation can reduce the stress and anxiety of patients by effects on heart rate, and the treatment process speeds up and have an important role in improving the performance of the system.

Keywords


Meditation; Heart rate; Signal processing; Feature extraction; Returned map.

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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